Evans J., Borg J.A., Schembri P.J. 2020. First record of Paranthias cf. furcifer (Actinopterygii: Perciformes: Serranidae) from the central Mediterranean, with notes on the identification of marine species from imagery. Acta Ichthyol. Piscat. 50 (4): 489–492.
An individual fish, identified as a species of Paranthias, is recorded from a photograph taken in July 2013 at Marsascala, Malta. The species is likely to be P. furcifer but since no actual specimen has been forthcoming in spite of a long time since this record, and as certain identification is based on meristic counts, the fish is only conclusively identified to the genus level. Nonetheless, this is the first record of this genus from the central Mediterranean. The problems of identification based on images alone are discussed and it is recommended that publications based on such identifications should include a critical analysis of the uncertainties in the identification and of alternative identifications.
alien species, Epinephelinae, Malta, non-indigenous species, Serranidae