Di Blasi D., Carlig E., Ferrando S., Ghigliotti L., Psomadakis P.N., Vacchi M. 2018. A new record and biological evidence supporting the establishment of Beryx splendens (Actinopterygii: Beryciformes: Berycidae) in the western Mediterranean basin. Acta Ichthyol. Piscat. 48 (2): 183–188.
A new specimen of splendid alfonsino, Beryx splendens Lowe, 1834, was caught by trawling in July 2016 in the Ligurian Sea at the depth of 350 m, in the proximity of a submarine canyon. It represents the 10th documented record of B. splendens in the Mediterranean. Because of the rarity of the records in the basin, there could be doubts whether to consider or not such species as established in the area. However, some findings may support the hypothesis of the possible establishment of the species in the Mediterranean Sea. For example, the stomach of the specimen was nearly full, with rests of one crustacean decapod, one fish, and some cephalopods, which are commonly reported prey items for the species. Macroscopic observation and histological analysis of the gonads revealed that the specimen was a male in an advanced stage of gonadal development. Finally, the coherence of habitat type and prey items with that of extra-Mediterranean populations coupled with gonadal maturation consistent with the observations on other specimens caught in the Mediterranean.
splendid alfonsino, Beryx splendens, exotic species, Mediterranean Sea, Ligurian Sea, new record, stomach contents, gonad analysis