Grabda E., 1982. Fungi-related outgrowths on pterygophores of single fins of Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen, 1788) (Pisces: Trichiuridae). Acta Ichthyol. Piscat. 12 (1): 87-105.
The author describes the occurrence and structure of outgrowths fairly commonly found on pterygophores of dorsal and subcaudal fins in Lepidopus caudatus from the Namibian fishing grounds. The outgrowths, although at the first glance can be considered bone structures, are formed in tissue displaying features of the chondioidal one. It is suspected that the outgrowths result from the fins being attacked by unknown lower fungi of the genus Candida.